Famous Buffalo breeds in our india

 

Indian murra Buffalo breed

There are 989 million cows and buffaloes in the world. There are 302.3 million cows and buffaloes in our India. Our India has the second largest number of cows and buffaloes in the world. 

Andhra Pradesh is the 6th largest state in India. Buffaloes are important for milk production in our state. Moving buffaloes from villages to towns as soon as they are sent to slaughterhouses reduces buffalo milk production. 

The world famous Murra buffalo are found in our state. Efforts are being made to increase milk production in indigenous buffaloes using the semen of their buffaloes. In Krishna and Godavari districts of our state, Godavari buffaloes and Murra came from indigenous buffaloes.

 The buffalo breeds are divided into 5 categories. 

1. Murra Group

 2. Gujarat Group 

3. Uttar Pradesh Group

 4. Central Indian Group 

5. South Indian Group

1. Murra Group

a) Murra buffalo:

It is a favorite of everyone in the dairy industry and is a world renowned breed of dairy. Murra means wheeled horns. It is also known as the Delhi buffalo.

 Its homeland is Haryana, Punjab and Delhi. Its body color is black. The tail is white. The horns are bent back like worries. The back of the buffalo body is wide. 

Looks pleasing to the eye with a good udder. These are milky breeds. Murrapadi buffaloes weigh about 450 kg. The buffaloes have a milk yield of 1400-2300 kg during a dairy period. Butter percentage (79). Murra buffaloes weigh about 670 kg

b).Blue Ravi; -
The buffaloes originate in the Sutlej River region .India-Pakistan border region.
These are widespread in Punjab. The buffalo of this breed are larger in size than the Murra. Their body color is either blue or brown. The forehead, legs and tail are white.
Light spots on udder. Usually with hollow eyes.
Milk yield is 1600 kg

2. Gujarat group
A) Surti buffalo:
They belong to Baroda Kaira district of Gujarat state and are also known as Gujarati buffalo which are black or brown in color.  Below the knees is a light melon color.  The tail is white.  Buffaloes with these characteristics are selected as the elite.  Its horns are slightly longer and have a crescent-shaped ring slightly back and forth, weighing 500 to 600 kg.  Milk yield is 1700 kg.  Milk contains butter percentage (8%).

b) Mohasana Buffalo:-

The Mohsana buffalo are found in the Mahasana district of Gujarat, around Maharashtra.  This breed is full and moderate to Murra buffalo.  The horns are intertwined.  They are black and pale (white in color. The face, legs and tail are white at the end of the tail. They mature quickly. Reproduction is regular. Milk production is moderate. Size is low.  Milk yield ranges from 1800 kg to 2300 kg.

c) Zafrabadi:
This breed of buffalo is large.  It is found in the Gir forest in Kathiawar and in the Saurashtra region of Gujarat state, next to Zafrabad.  The front of the head is very large.  The horns hang on either side of the neck and are usually black.  The average buffalo of this breed weighs 600 kg and the buffalo weighs 800 to 900 kg.  The eyes appear to be glued below the frontal lobe.  The tail is long and antennae to the ground.  Milk yield during the dairy season is 2000 -2200 kg.

3. Uttar Pradesh Group

a) Bhadwari buffalo:
This buffalo is bred in Agra and Iluva districts of Uttar Pradesh for higher milk yield.  Buffaloes weigh 475 kg while buffaloes weigh 425 kg.  The percentage of butter in these buffaloes is 6-12%.  These are mostly copper in color.  Have high immunity.  Buffaloes give 810 kg of milk in 272 days.

4 Central India Group:

a) Nagpuri:
This breed of buffalo is found in Nagpur, Wardha and Bihar districts and in the border areas of Hyderabad and Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra.  These are also known as Marathwada buffaloes.  Body color Black spots on the face, white spots on the legs and tail.  The horns are very long and extend to the shoulders.  Milk contains 10% butter.  Milk yield 1100 kg.


b)  Paralakhemundi:
This breed of buffalo is also found in Ganjam district of Orissa and Visakhapatnam Ubhaya Godavari district of Manipur.  These brown small size buffaloes work well even in the sun.

c) Jirangi: Found in Visakhapatnam of andhrapradesh state and Ganjam districts of Orissa state. 
Kalahandi is a species of Kalahandi in Orissa.  Are in Sambalpur.  All these are spread from Orissa Suri to Krishna Guntur areas in our state.  In our native buffalo they are superior red, watermelon in color, white in size and small in size.  These buffaloes are used for farming and cart pulling.

d) Pandaripuri buffalo:

These buffaloes are found in southern Maharashtra.  These are similar to Nagpur.  In Karnataka, they are known as Darwari buffaloes. 

5. South Indian Group

a) Toda:
This species is native to the Nilgiris region of Tamil Nadu.  It resembles a barren buffalo.  Its hair is very bristly.  The horns are large on the left and are often used for betting during festivals and festivities.

b) Godavari: Non-breeding buffaloes are produced by breeding upgraded semen with Murra breed.  This species is especially prevalent in East, West Godavari and Krishna districts.  Cattle of this breed are black in color.  Thin head, convex forehead, bright eyes.  The horns are short and flattened and slightly curved.  The first swimming age is 44 months, with a calf interval of 570 days and 305 days.  The highest milk yield is 27 voters giving 2050 kg of milk yield in one litter per day.  The percentage of butter is 7-8%. 

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