Fodder crops | forage crops | forage production | how to grow fodder | Napier grass production

Fodder crops | fodder crops | forage crop production

✓ In order to get higher profits in animal husbandry, it is better to raise a high number of elite cattle with high milk content instead of raising a large number of low milk domestic cattle. 

 ✓Similarly, selecting and cultivating the highest yielding fodder varieties in fodder cultivation will reduce the need for land, reduce the cost of cultivation and increase the availability of fodder in large quantities.  

✓ Thus the cost of fodder, the cost of milk production will be reduced and the dairy industry will become more profitable. 

✓ Considering these circumstances, there are currently two fodder available to cattle breeders, Super Napier and Zuri. 

 ✓ Both are perennial, cereal fodder.  Super Napier is a type of hybrid Napier designed to hybridize fodder, Bajra(sajja), hybrid Napier. 

 ✓ The beauty lies in the fact that the leaves are woody and woody.  It has a slender stem and more leaves.  

How to cultivate??

✓  Super Napier and Jury types of fodder can be grown through stem bulbs / tubers.  Do not meet the main farm first.

 ✓ Since these two forages last for about 10 years, it is not possible to apply fertilizer once the crop has grown. 

  ✓ Therefore care should be taken to keep the soil fertile at the beginning of cultivation.

 ✓  20 tons of cattle manure per acre in ploughing ,40 kg nitrogen ,40  Phosphorus, 20 kg Potash should be used sparingly. 

✓ In case of soil borne deficiency, 10-20 kg zinc per acre is required.  Bunches should be prepared on the uncooked farm. 

 ✓ There should be a distance of 2-3 feet between the stems and 2 feet between the seedlings. 

✓  If there are two nodules, some of the pods should be taken and planted in 15s in rows so that one side nodule is in the ground and the other is above the weed soil.  

✓ Watering should be done once in 7-10 days depending on the need

 ✓ Nitrogen should be applied at the rate of 30-40 kg / acre after the first cut in the cultivation of these two types of fodder.

 ✓ DAP urea or antimicrobial, Panchagavya should be used after each incision. 40 kg of nitrogen and 30 kg of phosphorus once a year. 20 kg of potash should be used. 

✓ Weed control is very important during cultivation. Therefore, intercropping of all pulses such as alasanda and cat pesara in the first month will prevent weeds.

✓ Nitrogen is established in the soil and the soil grows

✓ Since these two fodders belong to the genus Cereal, they require the use of nitrogen fertilizers during cultivation.

✓ Jury fodder can also be grown with seeds as the availability of jury fodder slips / canes is currently limited.

 ✓ 2 × 6 m long and wide fiberglass should be made. Draw vertical lines on the soil and plant the seeds in rows mixed with sand. There should be 2 feet of space between the rows. 

✓ The plant should have a space of 2 feet between plants. Cover the top of the knot with rice and soak in water.

 ✓ Germination starts in 3-4 days and becomes raw within a month. If the jury wants to collect the fodder seed, some of it must be kept separate, separately. 

✓ panicle usually start laying from November to February. Then seed collection needs to be done.

In the use of fodder :- 

✓ Super Napier fodder contains oxalates which increase the risk of calcium dehydration in cattle. 

 ✓ Therefore calcium should be used in addition to livestock when using this feed.  The fodder can be shredded and stored as silage with 10 kg of jaggery per tonne.  

✓ As jury fodder matures, lignin is high in fiber, which can lead to digestive problems.  Therefore, this grass should be cut and grazed every 30-35 days at a height of 4-5 feet without printing.  If legume fodder is grown on jury-fed pastures, both grain pity and legume fodder will be available to the cattle.

 ✓ Although the two fodder fodder mentioned above are approximately the same, the jury fodder yield is lower than that of Super Napier.  If jury fodder yields are only marginal during the winter, Super Napier fodder yields are good. 

✓  Therefore, if these two fodder are cultivated simultaneously, there will be continuous availability of fodder and no effect on fodder yield fluctuations and fodder availability. 

✓  For the convenience of the cattle breeders of the Telugu states, the farmers should cultivate the two fodder introduced by the scientists of Gannavaram Veterinary College and reduce the cost of nutrition.